World Wide Web Sites
Relating to the Ancient Mediterranean

Compiled by Dr. K. C. Hanson
Fortress Press
Minneapolis, MN 55440
© 1997, 1998, 1999

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For the most part, the Websites in the following list have numerous pages of text and graphics. Because of their special value, I have listed a few individual images from larger Websites; those listings which locate a single image are identified as such (e.g., photo, sketch, map). The Geopolitical sub-headings (e.g., Ancient Near East) are organized from general to specific; the others (e.g., Museums, Ancient Documents, and Professional Societies) are organized alphabetically.


Ancient World Searches

All-in-One Biblical Resources (Mark Goodacre, Univ. of Birmingham)
Argos: Limited Area Search of the Ancient World

TOCS-IN: Tables of Contents of Journals of Interest to Classicists

Museums: Ancient Art and Artifact Collections

ArtServ—Art and Architecture, Mediterranean Basin (Australian National Univ.)
Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology (Cambridge, MA)
Iraklion Archaeological Museum
Israel Museum Homepage (Jerusalem)
Kelsey Museum (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor)
Michael C. Carlos Museum (Emory University, Atlanta)
Musée du Louvre (Paris)
Museum of Fine Arts (Boston)
North Carolina Museum of Art: Artnet—Classical Collection (Raleigh)
Reuben and Edith Hecht Museum (University of Haifa)
Semitic Museum, Harvard University(Cambridge, Mass.)
Traditions of Magic in Late Antiquity (1st—7th centuries) (Gideon Bohak, Univ. of Michigan)
The Vatican Museums and Collections (Rome)
Virtual Library Museums Page


Archaeology (Archaeological Institute of America)
Archaeology on the Net: Near Eastern Archaeology
ArchNet: World Wide Web Virtual Library for Archaeology
British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem
Classics and Mediterranean Archaeology
Israel Antiquities Authority
Journal of Roman Archaeology

Ancient Document Collections

Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions (University of Chicago)
ETCSL Catalogue of Sumerian Literary Compositions (Jeremy Black, Oxford)
Christian Classics Ethereal Library (Wheaton College)
The Code of Hammurabi (Avalon Project, Yale Law School)
Demotic Website (Oriental Institute)
Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature (Oxford University)
Gnostic Society Virtual Library
Hittite Literature in Translation (Billie Jean Collins)
ICLnet's Guide to Early Christian Documents
The Internet Classics Archive (MIT)
Josephus (W. Whiston, trans.) Chistian Classics Ethereal Library
Latin Library
Vergil's Aeneid (University of Pennsylvania)
Library of Ethiopian Texts
Noncanonical Homepage, including:
  • OT Apocrypha
  • OT Pseudepigrapha
  • Apocryphal NT Acts
  • Apocryphal NT Apocalypses
  • Apocryphal NT Gospels
  • Fathers of the Church
  • Writings in the names of Biblical Characters
Tanach, Talmud Bavli, and Talmud Yerushalmi

Papyrology and Epigraphy

Abbildungen Heidelberger Papyri (University of Heidelberg)
Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents (University of Oxford, England)
Duke Papyrus Archive (Duke University)
Epigraphical Museum Athens
Gesamtverzeichnis der griechischen Papyrusurkunden Aegyptens (University of Heidelberg)
Hellenistic Greek Linguistics (James K. Tauber)
Inscriptiones Graecae Eystettenses: Greek Inscriptions of Asia Minor (Jürgen Malitz)
Interpreting Ancient Manuscripts Web (Timothy Seid)
Papyri and Manuscripts on John and Johannine Epistles (Felix Just, Loyola Marymount Univ.)

Papyrology HomePage (John Muccigrosso, Drew University)

POxy! Oxyrhynchus Papyri Project (Oxford)
Taylor-Schechter Genizah Research Unit Home Page (Cambridge University Library)
Tebtunis Papyrus Project (Bancroft Library, Berkeley)
Thesaurus Lingua Graecae Home Page
University of Michigan Papyrus Collection
Yale Papyrus Collection (Yale University)

Ancient Near East

ABZU: Guide to Resources for the Study of the Ancient Near East on the Internet
Map of the Near East (Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory Univ.)
Odyssey Online: Near East
Hittite HomePage (Bille Jean Collins)
Hatti: Home of the Hittites (Association des Amis de la Civilisation hittite)
The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World (Alaa K. Ashmawy)
Women in the Ancient Near East: A Select Bibliography (Terry G. Wilfong)
Diotima: Materials for the Study of Women and Gender in the Ancient World
Mesopotamia Ancient Art (Detroit Institute of Arts)
Ancient Astrology and Divination on the Web (Tim Spalding)
The Nippur Expedition (The Oriental Institute, Chicago)
Stolen Stones: The Modern Sack of Nineveh" (Archaeology; John Malcolm Russell)
Sennacherib Inscription discovery (Discovery Channel Online)
Cyrus the Great Website (Nadir Seif)
Gudea of Lagash (Detroit Institute of Art)
Tiglath-pileser III (Detroit Institute of Art)
Neo-Assyrian Eagle-headed Deity (Detroit Institute of Arts)
Neo-Babylonian Dragon of Marduk (Detroit Institute of Arts)
Ancient Near East Art Exhibit: Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York)
Catalhöyük: Excavations of a Neolithic Anatolian Tell (Cambridge, England)
Slides of Mesopotamia (Mary Ann Andrade)
Persepolis Exhibit: Detroit Institute of Arts
Persepolis and Ancient Iran: Catalog of Expedition Photos (Oriental Istitute)
Treaties and Legal Contracts from the Ancient Near East (Alan Humm, Univ. of Pennsylvania)
Ancient Sumerian Beer Brewing (article)
Akkadian Language (John Heise)
Syria Highlights (Oriental Institute)
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon (Alaa K. Ashmawy)
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus (Alaa K. Ashmawy)
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus (Alaa K. Ashmawy)
Nabopolasar cylinder: record of wall repair (c. 625–605 BCE; photo)


Centre for Computer-aided Egyptological Research (Utrecht University)
Egyptology Resources
: (Nigel Strudwick; University of Cambridge)
Egyptologist's Electronic Forum
Resources for History of Ancient Egypt
: (Peter Piccione, Northwestern University)
Egypt Photos
: (107 photos; Hugh Lester, Tulane Univ.)
Odyssey Online: Egypt
Annual Egyptological Bibliography (Leiden, The Netherlands)
Deir el-Medina Database (K. D. van Heel & B. J. J. Haring)
Guardian's Egypt
Mark Millmore's Ancient Egypt
Ousia: For the Egyptologist (Will Wagers)
Odyssey in Egypt
Egyptian Museum Artifacts
The Splendors of Ancient Egypt
University of Memphis Institute of Egyptian Art and Archaeology
Egyptian Exhibit (Cleveland Museum of Art)
Annual Egyptological Bibliography
Reeder's Egypt Page (Greg Reeder)
Theban Mapping Project (Kent Weeks)
Egyptian Art Exhibit (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York)
Egyptian Exhibit (Detroit Institute of Arts)
Death in Ancient Egypt (Alexandra A. O'Brien; Oriental Institute)
Mansoor Amarna Collection
Egyptian Traditional Ritual
Alexandria: Monuments Gallery
Thebes Photographic Project (Tom Van Eynde; Oriental Institute, Chicago)
Trumpet of Tutankhamun
Tomb of Niankhkhnum & Khnumhotep
The Great Pyramid of Giza
The Lighthouse of Alexandria

Canaan, Israel & Judah, and the Hebrew Bible

Material Culture of: Ancient Canaanites, Israelites . . .
(J.A. Abercrombie)
"Baal (and the Asherah?) in Seventh-Century Judah"
(Baruch Halpern, Penn State Univ.)
: Banco de Datos Filolsgicos Semmticos Noroccidentales (CSIC-Instituto de Filologma, Madrid)
West Semitic Research Project
(Bruce & Ken Zuckerman)
Ugaritic alphabet
(Lawrence Kwok Leung Lo)
Proto-Canaanite and Phoenician Scripts
(Lawrence Kwok Leung Lo)
South Arabic Script
(Lawrence Kwok Leung Lo)
Map of Israel's 12 Tribes
Palestine Highlights
(Oriental Institute; University of Chicago)
Harvard Semitic Museum
Reuben and Edith Hecht Museum
(University of Haifa)
Israel Museum Homepage
Qadah Kinahnu
—Canaan/Phoencia (Lilinah biti-Anat/Ellen Perlman)
Ashkelon Excavations
Tel Dan Inscription
(George Athas)
Israel's Archaeological Treasures
Biblical Jerusalem
Biblical Jerusalem
Map of Jerusalem
(from Nehemiah to the present)
Jerusalem Photos (Edgar McKnight, Furman College)
Hazor Excavations
The Assyrian Conquest of Lachish (701 B.C.E.) (Univ. of Lethbridge)
Newsletter of the Megiddo Expedition
(Excavation Tour)
Mesha Stela
(text & analysis)
Model Shrine
Ivory Pomegranate (photo & description)
Humanoid Sarcophagoi (photo)
Statuette of Deity (possibly El?) Late Bronze Age II, Megiddo (photo)
Informationen zu Jesus Sirach (Ben Sira) (Franz Böhmisch)
Philo of Alexandria
Inscriptions Documenting Jews & Judaism in the Gr.-Rom. Diaspora (Ross S. Kraemer)

Greece and the Hellenistic Empires

Perseus Project
Internet Classics Archive
Library of Congress Resources for Greek and Latin Classics
Kapatija 1997
(John Younger)
Ure Museum of Greek Archaeology
(Univ. of Reading, England)
Greece Exhibit
(Detroit Institute of Arts)
Minoan Crete
: 50 photos (Hugh Lester; Tulane University)
: 24 photos (Hugh Lester; Tulane University)
Ancient Greece
: 88 photos (Hugh Lester; Tulane University)
Ancient Greeks Virtual Tour
: (British Museum)
Minoan Civilization
A Catalogue of Centaurs on Greek and Related Painted Pottery (John W. Filpus)
The Minoan Palace
Slides of Mycenae
Slides of Minoan Civilization (Andrade)
The City of Knossos
Iraklion Archaeological Museum
Ancient Gold: The Wealth of the Thracians
(Detroit Institute of Art)
Ariadne: Greece and Greek Art and Civilization (Andrade)
Ancient City of Athens (University of Indiana)
Acropolis: History
Greek Theaters
: Megalopolis, Argos, Syracuse, Athens, Epidauros
Archaeological Museum of Ancient Corinth
Life in Ancient Greece Reflected in the Coinage of Corinth
Images of Orality and Literacy in Greek Iconography
Greek and Roman Cities of Western Turkey
Alexander the Great
Later Seleucids
: Coin Portraits and Historical Analysis (Warwick University, England)
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia
The Colossus of Rhodes
Odysseus and the Sphinx
(photo of a ceramic; Vatican Museum)

Roman Empire

Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt: searchable index of articles (Jim Ruebel & Ross Scaife)
Topoi: A Webpage for Greek and Roman Culture
(College of the Holy Cross)
Rome Project
: A Virtual Community for Teaching & Learning Classics
Forum Romanum
(A Project of VRoma)
Forum Romanum
(David Camden)
Library of Congress Resources for Greek and Latin Classics
Etruscan Exhibit
(Detroit Institute of Arts)
Maps of the Roman Empire
(including regional maps)
Rome Exhibit (Detroit Institute of Arts)
The Horace Page
(Bryn Mawr College)
Ancient Rome 118 photos (Hugh Lester; Tulane University)
Maecenas: Images of Ancient Rome (Leo C. Curran; Buffalo)
Pompeii 96 photos (Hugh Lester; Tulane University)
Visual Compendium of Roman Emperors
Pompeii Forum Project (University of Virginia)
Augustus: Images of Power (Mark Mumford)
Rome (photo)
Villa of the Mysteries Pompeii (James Jackson)
Aurasio, Gaul (Athena Review) [photo & description]
Pompeii (photo)
Via Appia and the Tomb of Cecilia Metella (photo and sketch)
Greek and Roman Cities of Western Turkey
Tiberius Sestertius (photos)
Vergil's Home Page (Univ. of Pennsylvania)
The Cosmic Mysteries of Mithras (David Ulansey)
Mithraism (Alison B. Griffith; The Ecole Initiative)
Mithraism: The Legacy of the Roman Empire's Final Pagan State Religion (David Fingrut)
The Cosmic Mysteries

Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls

Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls
Scrolls from the Dead Sea Exhibit (Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.)
Ruins of Qumran (aerial photo)
Scroll Jars
War Scroll fragment
Tyrian Stater from Qumran
(enlarged photo)

First-Century Palestine,
the New Testament & the Earliest Churches

Palestine in the Time of Jesus (K. C. Hanson & Douglas E. Oakman)
"The Galilean Fishing Economy and the Jesus Tradition" (K. C. Hanson)
"Blood and Purity in Leviticus and Revelation" (K. C. Hanson)
"Transformed on the Mountain: Ritual Analysis & Matthew" (K. C. Hanson)
"A Cultural Analysis of Matthew's Makarisms and Reproaches" (K. C. Hanson)
Resource Page for Biblical Studies (Torrey Seland; Volda College, Norway)
All-in-One Biblical Resources (Mark Goodacre, Univ. of Birmingham)
New Testament Gateway (Mark Goodacre, Univ. of Birmingham)
From Jesus to Christ: The First Christians (PBS)
Second Temple Synagogues (Donald D. Binder; Dallas, TX)
Jerusalem Elite House (photo; Israel Museum)
Herod's Temple to Augustus and Roma (reconstruction; line-drawing)
Latin Honorific Column from Caesarea (text & photos)
Petra (Jordan; Angus McIntyre)
The Synoptic Problem (Stephen Carlson)
Gospel of Thomas Page
Gospel of Thomas Bibliography
A World Without Q (Mark Goodacre)
The Ecole Initiative.  Encyclopedia of Early Church History
Jerusalem Temple Warning Inscription
Theodotus Inscription
P52: Papyrus Fragment of the Gospel of John
Gallio Inscription
Proclamation of Nero as Emperor
Pliny/Trajan Correspondence
Inscribed Ossuary (Oriental Institute, University of Chicago)


The Asclepion
(Nancy Demand; Indiana University, Bloomington)
The Labyrinth
: WWW Server for Medieval Studies (Georgetown University)
Social Science WWW Virtual Library
: The Internet Guide to the Social Sciences
WWW Virtual Library: Middle East Studies
Copyright © 1996-1999, K. C. Hanson
Last modified: 12 February 2000
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