|Size:||38 centimeters high
61 centimeters wide
5 lines of writing
|Approximate Date:||7th century BCE|
|Tel Miqne, Israel
|Site of Discovery:||Temple Complex 650
|Date of Discovery:||1996
|Chief Excavators:||Seymour Gitin
|Current Location:||Israel Museum
|Inventory Number:||L 60
Gitin, Demsky, Naveh (1997:9)
by K. C. Hanson
(Adapted from Gitin )
| 1) BT.BN.'KYŠ.BN.PDY.BN.
2) YSD.BN.'D'.BN.Y'R.ŠR `Q
*Demsky reads this divine name as "Pt[n]yh" and relates it to the Greek "Potnia" ("Lady" or "Mistress"), perhaps referring to Asherah.
| 1. What sort of relationship is articulated between
'Akish and his goddess? What responsibilities does each have to the other?
Read 1 Kings 8:56-61, Haggai 2:1-9, and Zechariah 3:6-10 for comparison.
Compare the Mesha Stele
2. Who had the responsibility to build and maintain temples in the ancient Near East? Compare the "temple authorization" letter from Elephantine .
3. What functions did ancient Near Eastern temples serve besides providing a place of worship? In terms of politics? In terms political economics? In terms of archives?
4. Since this inscription is a dedicatory inscription, what do we know about ancient dedications of temples in terms of ritual, prayer, and liturgy? Compare 1 Kings 8:1-66; Zechariah 8:1-19; 1 Maccabees 4:42-59.
5. Compare and contrast this inscription to the one Nebuchadnezzar had inscribed on the Ishtar Gate in Babylon .
| Demsky, Aaron.
"Discovering a Goddess: A New Look at the Ekron Inscription Identifies
Mysterious Deity." Biblical Archaeology Review 24.5 (1998) 53-58.
Demsky, Aaron. "The Name of the Goddess of Ekron: A New Reading." Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society 25 (1997) 1-5.
Dothan, Trude. "Ekron of the Philistines, Part 1: Where They Came From, How They Settled Down and the Place They Worshiped in." Biblical Archaeology Review 18.1 (1990) 28-38.
Dothan, Trude, and Seymour Gitin. "Ekron of the Philistines: How They Lived, Worked and Worshiped for Five Hundred Years." Biblical Archaeology Review 18.1 (1990) 20-25.
Dothan, Trude, and Seymour Gitin. "Ekron." In Anchor Bible Dictionary, edited by D. N. Freedman, 2:422-28. New York: Doubleday, 1992.
Gitin, Seymour. "Cultic Inscriptions Found in Ekron." Biblical Archaeologist 53 (1990) 232.
Gitin, Seymour. "Ekron of the Philistines: Olive Oil Suppliers to the World." Biblical Archaeology Review 18.1 (1990) 20-25.
Gitin, Seymour. "Last Days of the Philistines." Archaeology 45.3 (1992) 26-31.
Gitin, Seymour. "The Neo-Assyrian Empire and Its Western Periphery." In Assyria 1995: Proceedings of the 10th Anniversary Symposium of the Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, Helsinki, September 7-11, 1995, Edited by S. Parpola and R. M. Whiting, 77-103. Helsinki: The Project, 1997.
Gitin, Seymour. "New Philistine Finds at Tel Miqne-Ekron." Biblical Archaeologist 59 (1996) 70.
Gitin, Seymour. "The Rise and Fall of Ekron of the Philistines: Recent Excavations at an Urban Border Site." Biblical Archaeologist 50 (1990) 197-222.
Gitin, Seymour. "Royal Philistine Temple Inscription Found at Ekron." Biblical Archaeologist 59 (1996) 101-2.
Gitin, Seymour. "Seventh Century Cultic Elements at Ekron." In Biblical Archaeology Today, 1990, edited by A. Biran et al., 248-58. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1996.
Gitin, Seymour. "Tel Miqne-Ekron: A Type Site for the Inner Coastal Plain in the Iron Age II Period." In Recent Excavations in Israel: Studies in Iron Age Archaeology, edited by S. Gitin and W. Dever, 23-50. The Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research 49. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1999.
Gitin, Seymour, Trude Dothan, and Joseph Naveh. "A Royal Dedicatory Inscription from Ekron." Israel Exploration Journal 48 (1997) 1-18.
Gitin, Seymour, Trude Dothan, and Joseph Naveh. "Ekron Identity Confirmed." Archaeology 51.1 (1998) 30-31.